Bird 6. And finally a dark end Thayer's.
Bird 7. Looks like Kumlien's but it is at Petaluma, California!
Bird 7. Showing inner primaries
Bird 8. Another pale bird from California (January). It is rather fresh so pale tones are true pigment rather then wear/bleaching . To me more likely to be pale Thayer's, but clearly would not be acceptable in Europe.
Bird 8 again.
Bird 9. California. Not sure what this is. Looks more like a Kums, but could be some large gull hybrid combination (maybe some Glaucous-winged genes?). Arrowheads in prims indicate that it is not/should not be ID'd as Thayer's
Bird 10. What I think is a pale end Thayer's. Very like an Irish bird from a few years ago that was considered unidentifiable in a European context.
Bird 11. Presumed dark Kumlien's, Newfoundland. But still has arrowheads in prims.
Bird 12. darkish Kumlien's, Newfoundland.
Bird 13. Mid-darkish Kumlien's, Newfoundland. Not really like a Thayer's
Bird 14. dark Kumlien's Newfoundland; dark but again not really Thayer's like.
Bird 16. Darkish Kumlien's Newfound. Despite being darker than average, this and the other NF bird never quite manage to look like Thayer's (in flight, their wings are rather too uniform). But there are darker birds out there - Dave Brown who lives at St Johns has some really scary pics. The birds that really throw me are the paler Californian ones that look like mid-paler end Kumien's.